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The Fraud Aid Library

Choosing the right law enforcement agency

to file your scam report

 

 

Jurisdictions Menu

Introduction:

Navigating the system

Definition of jurisdiction

Definition of fraud with intent 

Jurisdiction specialties 

Inter-jurisdiction challenges 

Inter-jurisdiction cooperation 

The cost of a fraud investigation   

Helping to defray the expenses of a fraud investigation at no cost to you

The biggest obstacle for investigators

Understanding fraud evidence that demonstrates intent 

Losses to a group of scam victims

Your role as a scam victim or someone who has knowledge of a scam being perpetrated on others

 

Jurisdictions

Local Enforcement:

US city, borough, or township

County sheriffs

State enforcement:

State Attorney General's Office

State Attorney's Office

Office of the Secretary of State

State's Bureau of Investigation

State Securities Commission

Federal Enforcement:

Federal Bureau of Investigation FBI

Secret Service

US Marshals

US Immigration & Customs Enforcement (ICE)

Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA)

Department of Homeland Security (DHS)

Federal Trade Commission FTC

Securities & Exchange Commission SEC

Internal Revenue Service Criminal Division IRS

Overseas & International Enforcement:

INTERPOL

Scotland Yard  

The UK's Serious Fraud Office 

Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP - Mounties)

The National White Collar Crime Centre of Canada (NW4C) 

PhoneBusters  

Secret Service Overseas  

FBI Overseas

Internet

Internet Fraud Complaint Center 

Internet Better Business Bureau

National Fraud Information Center  

SEC Internet Enforcement Program

 

 

 

 

Work at home job scams: Payment Processing, Shipping, Check Writing, Western Union, MoneyGram, more...

 

Lottery Scams

 

YOUR CHECK LIABILITY: How to really verify a check, money order, traveler's check, cashier's check, etc.

Your ID Theft Prevention To-Do List

Threats from scammers: What to do and how to do it

  

WHERE TO REPORT A SCAM: Choosing the right jurisdiction

Intro: Page 1 - Page 2

Law Enforcement Jurisdictions:

US City, Town, and County  US State  US Federal  Foreign & International  Internet

 

LOCAL LAW ENFORCEMENT

 

U.S. City Precincts, Borough, and Township Jurisdictions:

 

Boroughs and townships frequently fall under County Sheriff jurisdiction.

If they do not, if the borough or township has its own police force, that agency may or may not have a fraud specialist; you may want to file your complaint with a national agency instead.

Cities, on the other hand, are divided into districts called precincts.  Jurisdiction is decided by the address where the crime took place.  Therefore, if you live on the East Side but the crime took place on the West Side, you would file your complaint with the West Side police precinct.  Of course, you can file your complaint at the police station nearest to where you live, but the crime will still be referred to the precinct in which it occurred.

Many city police departments have a fraud division or you may be referred to the Theft Division. Depending on the complexity of the fraud and the number of jurisdictions it covers, the fraud division may request assistance from other enforcement services like the state's Bureau of Investigation or federal enforcement.

 

 

 

When to contact the police:

When you have knowledge or evidence of

> A fraud that is being committed locally, meaning that both victim and con artist are located in the same neighborhood or city.

> You need to show that you have filed a report with your local police in order to work with another enforcement agency.

Some examples of local fraud:

>Merchant fraud

>Palm readers, channelers, occultists, etc.

>Home improvement fraud

>Automobile service fraud

>Sales fraud

>Selling of stolen property

>Phony salespeople

>Phony charity drive

>Phony medical claims or practices

>Jamaican Switch

>Scholarship search fraud, educational fraud

>Bank examiner schemes

>Embezzling

>Frauds perpetrated on the elderly

>Phony model agency schemes

>Phony child star schemes

 

How to contact your local police:

Look in your phone book or call information for the police station that patrols the community in which the crime is being or has been committed and ask for either the Bunco Division, Detective Division, or Theft & Burglary Division.

Search online: [name of city, borough, or township] police department.

If you are calling in a tip that you suspect someone of a violation, before you call write down what you want to say, including valid reasons for your suspicions. 

If you are calling in with direct, personal knowledge and/or and experience, have your long narrative or short narrative and evidence package ready.

 

U.S. County Jurisdictions

 

Sheriff's Department:

A Sheriff's Department has jurisdiction over unincorporated land, townships, and boroughs, and is hired by incorporated communities that cannot or do not choose to afford their own police department.

Sheriff Departments are seldom presented with complex financial fraud crimes.  However, Sheriffs overseeing counties containing major financial centers such as Los Angeles County do have experience with sophisticated fraud schemes.  

Unless the fraud is entirely local to the community overseen by the Sheriff's Department, it is better to contact another fraud enforcement agency. However, it is always a courtesy to inform local enforcement of any criminal activity that touches on their jurisdiction.

 

When to contact the Sheriff's Department:

When you have knowledge or evidence of a fraud in which both the victim(s) and the swindler(s) are located within the boundaries patrolled by the Sheriff's Department.

 

 

 

How to contact the Sheriff's Department:

>  If you reside within the jurisdiction where the crime took place, the phone number will be found in your local phone book.

>  If you reside outside the jurisdiction where the crime took place, you can contact your nearest Sheriff's Department and ask for the correct phone number.  Most Sheriff's Departments can be found online. Search online: [name of county] sheriff

>  If you are not certain about the enforcement agency for a certain borough or township, call information and ask for the sheriff's office for that community.

If you are calling in a tip that you suspect someone of a violation, before you call write down what you want to say, including valid reasons for your suspicions. 

If you are calling in with direct, personal knowledge and/or and experience, have your long narrative or short narrative and evidence package ready.

 

 

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We are not attorneys and don't pretend to be.  In our experience, the information and guidance offered on this site have proven to be effective; however, we always recommend that you consult with an attorney.

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