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The Fraud Aid Library

 

 

Work at home job scams: Payment Processing, Shipping, Check Writing, Western Union, MoneyGram, more...

 

Lottery Scams

 

 

 

 

 

 

A PARTIAL LIST OF SCAMS PERPETRATED BY FRAUDSTERS

 

 

Confirmed and Suspected Nigerian-style Scams: Partial listing

Confirmed = ?

Suspected = ?

 

419 = Advance Fee Fraud

 

NOTE: Some of the scams in this column are also perpetrated by Eastern European and Asian scam networks in cooperation with Nigerian scam networks.

 

 

 

Non-Nigerian-style frauds list, Partial:

 

Adoption

Advertising

Asian

Investment

Online sales

Auto

Sign-overs

Fake sales

 

Boiler room

 

Caregiver

Carousel fraud

Child in accident

College degree

Companion

Contractor

Consumer

Counterfeit

Coupon

Credit card

Credit repair

Cults

 

Dating

Debenture

 

eBay

eBiz

Elder

Employment

Entertainment industry

 

Family

Franchise

Vending machines

Service companies

FSU

 

Gifting

Grandparent

Gypsy

 

Historic Bonds

   Railroad Bonds

   World War II Gold Bonds

   Dictator regime bonds

Human Trafficking

High-Yield Investment

      Program Fraud

hyip clubs

Home improvement

 

ID Theft

IRS

Infrastructure loans

Inheritance

In-home caregiver

Insurance

Int'l trade

Investment

Junk bonds

Debentures

Mines

Start-ups

Equities

etc.

 

Jury duty

 

Labeling

Letter of Credit fraud

Life insurance equity

Loan

 

Magazine subscription

Medical

MLM's

Modeling

Mortgage

 

Partnership

 

Real Estate

Fake purchases

Fake sales

Sign-overs

Fake ownership

Relative

Relationship

Relative in accident

Religious

Resort

Reverse Mortgage

Romance

 

Self-Liquidating loans

Shell corporations

Street scams

Student loan

 

Targeting the handicapped

Telemarketing

Time-share

Treasuries

Trustee

Turnkey websites

 

Vacation

Viatical

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

?

Relationship scams: Not 419

Friendship

Romance

Pastor, minister, or priest

Charity executive

Stranded American (Brit, Aussie, German, etc.)

Stranded Soldier

[name of country] Citizen working in West Africa, North Africa, South Africa, Middle East

 

2

?

Employment scams: Foreign employer: Not 419

Payment Processing

   Receiving drafts

   Receiving funds - wired into account

   Receiving funds - Western Union pickup

 

Reshipper

Secret Shopper

Check Writer

Credit card recipient

Employment agency

Private Hire

Corporate Recruiter

Translation services

Nanny

Exchange Student

Translation services

3

?

Seminar scam

4

?

Hotel, motel, Bed & Breakfast Scams - not 419

Apartment rental scams - not 419

5 ? Charity scam - not 419
6 ? Fake web site scams: Completely fake copy or stolen material or mirrored web sites

Courier

Bank

Charity

Employment

Porn

Loan

Stores - online shopping

7 ? Classified Ad scams - not 419

Selling non-existent product on both online and offline (local newspapers and magazines) classified ads.

8 ? eBay (Auction Site) scams - not 419

Selling non-existent products on auction sites.  Often the auction accounts are opened using the personal information of a Payment Processing (PP) victim such that the buyers send their money to the PP victim who, totally unaware of the auction account, believes he is receiving payments due to his foreign employer.

9 ?

Overpayment scam - not 419

This was the original counterfeit check scheme, devised and test marketed by Former Soviet Union (FSU) scam bosses in 2002.

 

Preys on anyone selling something over the Internet on an auction site, through Classifieds, or through Bulletin Boards: cars, jewelry, boats, furniture, etc.

10 ? Loan scams, mostly run out of the Canadian hub with a few coming out of West African hubs.
11 ? Lottery scam
12 ? Green Card Lottery scam
13 ? Assassination/Threat of physical harm scam - Extortion, not 419
14 ? Black Dollar Scam, aka Wash-Wash
15 ? ID Theft porn sites
16 ? Classic 419 (Advance Fee Fraud):

ATM

Abandoned Account

Adoption (deaf children)

Animal, pet, puppy

Black Dollar

Canadian Loan company

Currency Exchange

Dying Woman/Man

Foreign Oil Company

Government Contract

Grants & Donations

Green Card

Inheritance

Orphan

Over-invoice

Princess

Puppy, pet, buy an animal

Reload (email that looks like a continuation of an existing correspondence string)

Survivor

Soldier

Travel

Trunk of money

War Refugee

Zimbabwe Farmer

And more?.

17 ? Business scams:

Partnership with a foreign company

Import/Export

Investment in the target?s company

Loan to the target?s company

Bulk purchases

18 ? Phishing - not 419
19 s Packaged Desalination Plants
20 s Packaged Oil Refineries
21 ? Crude Oil scams - not 419

Crude

Refined

Bonny Light Crude

22 ? Gold scams - not 419

Little gold bars

Standard gold bars

Powdered

Raw

Stored

Jeweler's

Mine shares

Leased

23 ? Commodities scams - "Daisy Chain scams"

Wheat

Sugar

Teak

Precious African woods

Frozen chicken parts

Precious metals

Precious gems

Scrap metal

Scrap ships

Cigarettes

Lumber

etc.

24 ? International Trade / Financial Instruments (High-Yield Investment Program Fraud - HYIP) - "Daisy Chain scams"

Letters of Credit

Standby Letters of Credit

Credit Enhancement

Leased Letters of Credit & Bank Guarantees

Bank Guarantees

Debentures

Certificates of Deposit

Safekeeping Receipts

Infrastructure Loans

No Repay Loans

more ... See our Dictionary of Financial Scam Terms

 

25 s hyip clubs (all lower case, not to be confuse with category 24, HYIP scams) - Epidemic on the internet, this is a volume-based scam that depends on small "investments" sometime referred to as "spends."  There are indications that there is Russian scam involvement in the cyber currency exchange portion of the scam.
26 ?

Travel

Nanny

Student

Sponsor

Rental

27 ? IDENTITY THEFT - major component of all their scams
    NEW SCHEMES and scheme combinations are developed on an ongoing basis.  Some schemes are only perpetrated regionally (India, Middle East, affinity, culture-based, business-based as in fake shell accounts, and so on)  making it difficult to formulate a complete list at any given time.

 

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We are not attorneys and don't pretend to be.  In our experience, the information and guidance offered on this site have proven to be effective; however, we always recommend that you consult with an attorney.

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